Hunting the bow
The holy month of Ramadan is going to be ended soon, and the same as every year we will see many pictures of different observers who are sighting the crescent moon (hilal) with their rulers and some other tools.
In fact, sighting the crescent is a crucial procedure. Specifically, in the recent years it has been a controversial issue. Fasting people may recognize an Eid al-Fitr when they were fasting till midday and they were confused if today is Eid or not.
Determining the first and last day of lunar month of Ramadan, not only is important because of its religious rites but also is eventful because it is treated as an especial social leverage in some regions of Iran among some ethnicity
Eid al-Fitr is a high dignity occasion for people from southern parts in Iran, even its importance is comparable to Nowruz (the Iranian New Year), and it has its especial rituals.
The main question is, why are we still encountering many difficulties and debate for sighting the Hilal of Lunar Months of Ramadan and Shawwal in Islamic countries, despite of our accessibility to high technology telescopes?
Why are there these much of disagreements in determining the exact start and finish day of this Holy month?
We have tried to answer some of these questions in this No.
Maintaining mental health in the time pf coronavirus
After weeks of complete social isolation, Italy has undergone what psychiatrist Paolo Brambilla calls “a social experiment that has never been done before”. The country has suffered a massive death toll from the coronavirus, and has endured one of the strictest lockdowns in the world. The effects on the nation’s psyche will be profound, says Brambilla, who is at the University of Milan. This month saw half of the world’s population enter some form pf confinement and many people are facing the biggest threat to their health and livelihood in recent history.
Peaple are facing a novel, threatening and unpredictable experience, says psychiatrist Andrea Danese at king’s College London. “At the same time, people are losing important coping strategies for stressful situations, enduring disruption in their routine and having to distance themselves from friends and families .They may also suffer the losses of loved ones. It is important to consider the longerterm implications of this emergency for mental health”. In a survey published last week in The Lancet Psychiatry, people in the UK reported increased anxiety, depression and stress, and concerns about isolation. These were larger worries than the prospect of having covid-19.